STUDY OF FOOD SECURITY AND NUTRITION IN NICARAGUA – LOCAL LEVEL VULNERABILITIES AND OPPORTUNITIES IN THE FACE OF CLIMATE CHANGE
Food insecurity touches most severely the poorest populations in rural areas as well as in marginal urban zones. These last decades the historical weakness of the agricultural sector of the country has been exacerbated by two external factors which threaten the country’s food and nutritional security:
• the effect of globalisation of agricultural markets and the fluctuations of prices of food staple products and agricultural inputs;
• climate change, which has on the one hand generated an increased frequency of natural catastrophes (in particular droughts and floods) and on the other hand has permanently altered the agro-ecological conditions of different parts of the country.
The objective of the study is to identify and analyse the various local agro-food production systems in the 3 ecological macro-regions of the country, their adaptation and vulnerability to climate change.
On this basis strategy and policy elements need to be proposed to strengthen local food security, and recommendations formulated to integrate climate change vulnerability of food production systems in the future development cooperation between the Government and the European Commission, in coordination with other donors and actors.